Which Motor Is Used in Drones? – Types Of Motors

Drones have become increasingly popular in various industries, from aerial photography and videography to surveillance and package delivery. These unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) rely on a combination of sophisticated technologies, and one crucial component that powers their flight is the motor.

In this article, we will explore the types of motors used in drones and their significance in achieving stable and controlled flight.

Understanding Drones and Their Components

1). What are Drones?

Drones are aircraft that are able to fly without having a human pilot on board them. These aircraft are often referred to as Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs). They are controlled either remotely by a human operator or autonomously through pre-programmed flight paths.

2). The Anatomy of a Drone

A standard drone consists of various components, such as the frame, propellers, flight controller, battery, camera (in some models), and, of course, the motor. Each element plays a crucial role in the drone’s overall performance.

The Role of Motors in Drones

1. How Do Drone Motors Work?

The motors on a drone are the components that are responsible for turning the electrical energy that is supplied by the battery into the mechanical energy that is needed to drive the propellers and provide lift and thrust. This lift and thrust enable the drone to take off, maneuver, and maintain stability during flight.

2. Importance of Choosing the Right Motor

Selecting the appropriate motor is vital to ensure optimal performance and efficiency. The motor’s power, size, and type should be carefully considered to match the specific requirements of the drone’s design and intended use.

Types of Motors Used in Drones

1). Brushed DC Motors

Brushed DC motors are one of the earliest and simplest types of motors used in drones. They consist of a rotating armature (coil) and a stationary set of magnets. Brushes and a commutator switch the direction of current flow in the coil, causing the armature to rotate.

2). Brushless DC Motors

The rise in popularity of brushless DC motors can be attributed to the increased efficiency and dependability of these motors. They eliminate the need for brushes and commutators and instead use electronic speed controllers (ESCs) to manage the current flow and direction, making them more durable and requiring less maintenance.

3). Coreless Motors

Coreless motors are brushed DC motors that offer advantages in terms of weight and size. These motors are commonly used in smaller drones and micro UAVs where space and weight are critical factors.

Comparing Different Drone Motors

1. Power Efficiency

Brushless DC motors are more power-efficient compared to brushed DC motors. They produce less heat and provide longer flight times for the same battery capacity.

2. Weight and Size Considerations

Coreless motors are the lightest and smallest of the three types, making them ideal for miniaturized drone designs.

3. Performance and Flight Time

Brushed DC motors can be more affordable but may require more maintenance. Brushless DC motors offer superior performance, longer lifespan, and reduced noise.

Factors to Consider When Selecting Drone Motors

1. Drone Size and Weight

The size and weight of the drone significantly influence the choice of motor. Larger drones often require more powerful motors to lift the added weight.

2. Payload Capacity

The motor’s power output must accommodate the additional load if the drone needs to carry a payload such as a high-quality camera or sensor.

3. Flight Range and Speed Requirements

The drone’s desired flight range and speed affect the selection of a suitable motor with the appropriate torque and RPM.

Understanding Brushed DC Motors

1). Working Principle

Brushed DC motors work on the principle of electromagnetic induction, where the interaction between the magnetic field and the electric current creates rotational motion.

2). Pros and Cons

Brushed DC motors are cost-effective but have limited efficiency and require more frequent maintenance due to the wear and tear of brushes.

Understanding Brushless DC Motors

1). Working Principle

Brushless DC motors use electronic commutation to provide a more efficient and reliable operation compared to brushed motors.

2). Advantages and Disadvantages

Brushless DC motors offer higher efficiency, longer lifespan, and reduced electrical noise. However, they are generally more expensive than brushed motors.

Understanding Coreless Motors

1). Working Principle

Coreless motors have a coil without an iron core, resulting in reduced weight and inertia, making them suitable for lightweight and agile drones.

2). Applications and Limitations

Coreless motors are commonly used in nano and micro drones, but they may need to provide more power for larger and heavier UAVs.

The Impact of Motors on Drone Performance

1. Stability and Control

The motor’s responsiveness and ability to generate sufficient thrust directly impact the drone’s stability and control during flight.

2. Battery Life and Flight Time

The efficiency of the motor affects the drone’s overall energy consumption, influencing the flight time and battery life.

Best Practices for Maintaining Drone Motors

1). Cleaning and Lubrication

Regularly cleaning and lubricating drone motors can help prolong their lifespan and maintain performance.

2). Avoiding Overheating

Operating a drone with proper cooling mechanisms and avoiding excessive heat can prevent motor damage.

Future Trends in Drone Motor Technology

1). Advancements in Efficiency

Research continues to improve the efficiency of drone motors, leading to longer flight times and improved performance.

2). Integration with AI and Autonomy

Drone motors are likely to be integrated with advanced AI algorithms for autonomous flight and increased versatility.


In conclusion, the choice of the motor plays a crucial role in determining a drone’s performance, stability, and efficiency. Each type of motor offers distinct advantages and is suitable for specific drone applications. As technology continues to evolve, we can expect even more efficient and powerful drone motors, enabling further advancements in the drone industry.


Q1: Can I upgrade the motor in my existing drone to improve its performance?

Yes, upgrading the motor in some drones is possible, but it is essential to ensure compatibility and consider the impact on other components.

Q2: What is the primary difference between brushed and brushless motors?

The main difference is in their construction and operation, with brushless motors offering higher efficiency and lower maintenance needs.

Q3: Can I use coreless motors in larger drones?

Coreless motors are more suitable for smaller drones due to their limited power output.

Q4: Are brushless motors worth the extra cost?

For high-performance drones and professional applications, the improved efficiency and reliability of brushless motors often justify the higher cost.

Q5: Are there any safety considerations related to drone motors?

Yes, drone operators should be cautious while handling and maintaining motors to avoid injuries and ensure safe flights.

Leave a Comment